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Scenario from Sweden to Copenhagen

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1971: The first international conference on climate change was held in Sweden.

1988: UN formed the Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change (IPCC).

1992: The international political response to climate change began with the adoption of the UNFCCC.

21 March 1994: The UNFCCC entered into force and now has 189 Parties.

1997: Delegates at COP 3 in Kyoto, Japan, agreed to a Protocol to the UNFCCC called KYOTO PROTOCOL.

1998: The process for finalizing the rules and operational details of the Protocol was agreed at COP 4 in 1998 in a document known as the Buenos Aires Plan of Action.

Nov. 2000: The Plan set COP 6 as the deadline for finalizing these rules and operational details and strengthening implementation of the UNFCCC. In November 2000, Parties met at COP 6 in The Hague, the Netherlands, to complete these negotiations.

2001: At COP 7, Marrakesh Accords took place. These Accords consist of a package of draft decisions on many of the details of the flexible mechanisms, land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and compliance with the Kyoto Protocol that should be adopted by the COP/MOP. The Accords also address support for developing countries, including capacity building, technology transfer, responding to the adverse effects of climate change, and the establishment of three funds – the Least Developed Countries (LDC) Fund, Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF), and Adaptation Fund. Delegates sought to build on the Marrakesh Accords at COP 8 and COP 9 and agreed on two new agenda items focused on adaptation and mitigation.

2004: At COP 10 in Buenos Aires agreed to the Buenos Aires Programme of Work on Adaptation and Response Measures.

May 2005: At Bonn Delegates started to address some of the broader issues facing the climate change process, including a future framework and commitments beyond 2012. Immediately following the seminar, the twentysecond sessions of the subsidiary bod- ies (SB 22) convened.

8 July 2005: G8 Summit in Gleneagles, Scotland, agreed to a communiqué recognizing humanity’s serious impact on climate change and making a commit- ment to promote innovation, energy efficiency, conser- vation and cleaner technologies. logical solutions and private sector involve 28 July 2005: On 28 July, a new six- country partnership ASIA-PACIFIC PARTNERSHIP ON CLEAN DEVELOPMENT AND CLIMATE: was an- nounced to combat climate change through technology- based solutions. This agreement was announced by Austra- lia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and the United States. The first meeting of the partnership is expected in early 2006.

14-16 Sept. 2005: The 2005 World Sum- mit, held at UN headquarters in New York and highlighted the need to work expeditiously
to establish a worldwide early warning system for natural hazards.

21-22 Nov. 2005: The fourth replenish- ment of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Trust Fund took place on 21 and 22 November, in Tokyo, Japan.

2006: The Climate Change and Sustainable Energy Act 2006 is an Act of Parliament which aims to boost the number of heat and electricity microgeneration installations in the United Kingdom. The act, helping to cut carbon emissions and reduce fuel poverty. The Act, received Royal assent on June 21, 2006, was piloted through the House of Commons as a Private Member's Bill by Mark Lazarowicz, Member of Parliament.

2007: The 12th Conference of the parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP12) held at Nairobi. The 189-member conference ended without major breakthroughs. The next round of talks will be at Bali in December 2007.

Nairobi Outcomes: (1) A new fund to be created to help poor countries adapt to climate change. (2) Belarus has been allowed into a club of 35 industrialised countries that face binding limits on their emissions of greenhouse gases from 2008-12.

2007: At Bali, it was decided upon a new set of principles that will, over the next two years, help the countries decide a post-2012 deal. By 2009, the world, based on the 'Bali Roadmap', will draw up a new deal, making it clear what's expected of each country.

2008: At Poznan, the main focus in Poznañ, however, was on long-term cooperation and the post-2012 period, when the Kyoto Protocol’s first commitment period expires. In December 2007, negotiators meeting in Bali had approved the Bali Action Plan and Roadmap setting COP 15 in December 2009 as the deadline for agreeing on a framework for action after 2012. Poznañ therefore marked the halfway mark towards the December 2009 deadline.