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Iran's Navy : Tests Cruise Missile "Ghader"

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Iran continues to defy international pressure to stop its nuclear program. In its latest show of strength, Iran test-fired a surface-to-surface cruise missile in international waters near the Strait of Hormuz. The missile, called Ghader, or Capable in Farsi, is a ground-to-ship cruise missile, and has a range of 200 kilometres. The highly advanced Ghader missile system has been upgraded in terms of its radar, satellite communications, precision in target destruction, as well as range and radar-evading mechanism. The Ghader missile is capable to strike naval vessels, including frigates and warships as well as onshore targets.

War games Vilayat-90 and Iran's recent tension with the West:

The Vilayat-90 naval exercise by Iran in international waters near the strategic Strait of Hormuz should be seen in the backdrop of rising Western pressure on Iran to stop its nuclear programme. The war games and the missile firing are a practice run for closing the Strait of Hormuz if the West were to block Iran's oil sales. It should be noted that Iran has, in the recent past, issued strident warnings to stop passage of oil through Strait of Hormuz if more Western sanctions are imposed on it. The situation has worsened because President Barak Obama recently signed into law new sanctions targeting Iran's central bank and financial sector. The measures are aimed at squeezing Iran's crucial oil sales, most of which are processed by the central bank. The EU is also considering imposing embargo on Iranian oil purchases.

Strait of Hormuz

  1. It is a narrow strait located between the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf.
  2. Iran borders the Strait of Hormuz to the north, and the United Arab Emirates and Oman's Musandam Peninsula border it to the south.
  3. Much of the Persian Gulf relies on the Strait of Hormuz to export its petroleum and reach the ocean, making it one of the world's most important oil supply routes.